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Ecuador a Country of Diversity

Ecuador is a microcosm of South America:  a country that has it all:  from snow-capped mountains, smoking volcanoes, lush tropical coastal plains and dense Amazon rainforest.  If it isn’t enough to tempt you, then 1000km of the coast lie the world famous Galapagos Islands.

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Geography:

Location:

Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru
Geographic coordinates: 2 00 S, 77 30 W

Area:

total: 283,560 sq km
land: 276,840 sq km
water: 6,720 sq km
note: includes Galapagos Islands
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than the state of Nevada in the United States.

Land boundaries:

total: 2,010 km
border countries: Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km
Coastline: 2,237 km

Maritime claims:

continental shelf: claims continental shelf between mainland and Galapagos Islands
territorial sea: 200 NM

Climate: tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands
Terrain: coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)
Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Chimborazo 6,267 m
Geography - note: Cotopaxi in Andes is highest active volcano in the world.
 
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